Basic Jumps

Listed from MOST difficult
to LEAST difficult




  • The only common jump with a forward takeoff, from a left forward outside [LFO] edge.
    Therefore, a single jump is actually 1.5 rotations.
    Invented by Axel Paulsen who performed jump on speed skates.
    (The half-rotation 'waltz jump' has the same takeoff and landing edges)
    SEE: History of Jump

Inside Axel

  • This is another forward-takeoff jump, from a right forward inside [RFI] edge to a normal landing on the right back outside [RBO] edge.
    The usual approach is from a backward outside three turn on the right foot.
    To create proper timing, skate a left forward inside [LFI] edge and step to a right forward inside [RFI] edge, then balance up to the toe pick.
    This will help eliminate the common mistake of making a 3 turn on the right forward inside [RFI] takeoff foot which only produces a single loop jump.


  • A toe-assisted jump from the left back outside [LBO] edge and right toe pick;
    this means that the approach curve has the opposite 'direction' than the landing curve.
    The usual approach is a long, shallow edge cutting diagonally across the rink.
    Named after Alois Lutz.
    SEE: History of Jump


  • A toe-assisted jump from the left back inside edge [LBI] and right toe pick.
    Landing is on right foot.
    Like the salchow, the usual approach is a three turn. (This jump is sometimes called a 'toe salchow' in Europe.)
    SEE: History of Jump


  • The takeoff is from a right back outside [RBO] edge.
    Usually skaters approach this jump by skating backwards on two feet, with the left foot crossed in front of the right.
    Unlike the salchow, there's no swinging of the free leg into the jump; the skater simply springs upward in a cross-legged position. (In Europe, known as a 'Rittberger' jump, invented by Werner Rittberger.)
    SEE: History of Jump


  • The usual approach is from a three turn
    The takeoff is from a left back inside [LBI] edge . The right leg swings to assist the rotation. The jump is named after Ulrich Salchow, who dominated skating in the early 1900's.
    SEE: History of Jump
Toe Loop

  • The jump is approached on a right back outside [RBO] edge.
    The left foot is moved back and the toe pick is pushed into the ice to provide assistance at takeoff.
    The skater jumps toward the 'picking' foot and lands on the right foot.
    [This jump is often the second jump of a combination, or as a solo jump after an inside three turn].

  • Sometimes called a 'toe walley' if the jump is approached from an outside three turn and step.
    Technically the toe walley is done from an inside edge, but otherwise the two jumps are considered equivalent.
    (The toe loop is called a "cherry flip" some areas)
    SEE: History of Jump

Other Popular Jumps


  • The takeoff is from a right back inside [RBI] edge.
    Usually done two or three of them in a row, shifting from the right back outside landing edge to an inside edge to begin the next jump

Half Loop

  • The takeoff is the same as the loop jump, but the landing is on a left back inside [LBI] edge.
    This is a full-revolution jump in spite of the name.
    Commonly used as a linking element with a salchow in jump combinations, or in footwork sequences

Split Jump

  • The takeoff is the same as a flip, and the jump is landed facing forwards on the left toe pick and right inside edge.
    With a full rotation and a usual landing backwards, the jump is called a 'split flip'.
    The split jump may also be done from a lutz takeoff.
    A split jump from a loop takeoff is called a 'falling leaf'.
    Another variation is the 'stag jump' where the left leg is tucked up (instead of extended).



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